Passover and Unleavened Bread


Passover and its Significance

Passover in one sentence, was the act whereby Yhvh brought Israel out of Egypt bringing them salvation and deliverance from slavery and bondage to Pharaoh, through the blood of a Lamb.

From Exodus 7-10, Yhvh brings 9 plagues on Egypt and Pharaoh, through Moses. After enduring much destruction and pain, Pharaoh would still not let “Israel – His people go. Finally, Yhvh tells Moses that He will bring one more Plague on Egypt (Ex 11:1-6).

Exo 11:1  And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether. 
Exo 11:5  And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. 
Exo 11:6  And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. 

In Ex 12:21-30, Moses provides precise details and guidelines that Israel is to kill a lamb, and apply it’s blood as a sign so that death would not come into their houses. Yhvh also said that this is His Passover (Ex 12:11), not Israel’s and that it was an ordinance / appointment forever (Ex 12:14).

When exactly is the Passover

These precise and specific details provided the nation of Israel on how they were to determine the following chronologically:

Exo 12:2 This month of Passover would commence the beginning of the new year
Exo 12:3 The day of the month in which the Passover lamb would be taken to be inspected for sacrifice.
Exo 12:6 The day of the month in which the Passover lamb would be killed.
Exo 12:6 The exact hour of the day in which the Passover lamb would be killed.
Exo 12:14 Established as an ordinance for ever

The Scroll of Biblical Chronology & the Ancient Near East by Daniel Gregg
when was Passover in Egypt

Exo 12:1  LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt

Exo 12:2  This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 
Exo 12:3  Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 
Exo 12:6  And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 
Exo 12:14  And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever

When is the Passover Seder correctly observed based on scriptural Biblical timing? Is the Passover supposed to be eaten in: a) the night before the 14th daylight  (Ex 12:2), or in b) the night after the 14th daylight of Nisan/Aviv?


To answer this question and fully understand the chronology and the exact timing of the Passover and the Exodus from Egypt to the death, burial and resurrection of the Messiah in the first-century and how they all perfectly correlate and synchronise we must first understand the correct, scriptural and biblical definition of “evening/setting and morning/daybreak” phrase outlined in the literal day of creation as first defined in Gen. 1:3-5.

Understanding the calendar day to be from dawn to dawn is essential to understanding nearly everything in biblical chronology having to do with days. Correct observance of the Torah is otherwise bound to go off track, or at the very least to be rendered confusing. Correct understanding of the Levitical services and how days are timed for offerings depends wholly on the dawn to dawn day. Finally, the dawn to dawn day is necessary to properly understand Messiah’s death and resurrection and the prophesies of the ‘third day.’


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