appointed time of passover

Passover – Background and Context.

The appointed time of Passover (“to leap over”, “to spring over”) or Pesach is in one sentence, the decisive act whereby YoHeVaH brought all the Tribes of Israel and those that grafted themselves in deliverance from slavery and bondage to Pharaoh in Egypt, through the covering of the blood of an innocent and unblemished Lamb.

From Exodus 7-10, Yhvh brings 9 plagues on Egypt and Pharaoh, through Moses. After enduring much destruction and pain, Pharaoh would still not let Israel – His people go. Finally, Yhvh tells Moses that He will bring one more Plague on Egypt (Ex 11:1-6).

Exo 11:1.
And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague (stroke) more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.


Exo 11:5.
And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.


Exo 11:6.
And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. 

In Exo 12:21 through to verse 30, precise details and guidelines are provided that every household should kill a lamb, and apply it’s blood as a sign, so that death would not come into their houses. This provision, along with its ultimate pronouncement of either death or life would apply to Egyptian and Hebrew firstborn, there was no respecter of person.

Yhvh also said that this is His Passover (Ex 12:11), not Israel’s and that it was an ordinance / appointment forever (Ex 12:14).

Exo 12:11. EHSV
And this way, you shall eat it: with your hips girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand, and you will have eaten it in haste. It is the Passover for Yăhwēh.


Exo 12:14. EHSV
And this day will have become a remembrance (or a memorial) for you, and you will have feasted on it a feast to Yăhwēh. For your generations you will feast on it as an everlasting statute.

Passover – So when exactly is it?

These precise and specific details provided the nation of Israel and those grafted in on how they were to determine the Passover – the first Spring appointed time chronologically:

The Month of the Biblical Calendar Year

Exo 12:2.

This month of Passover would commence the beginning of the new year.

EHSV. This month for you, is the head of months. It is the  head-most for you, of the months of the year.


From The Scroll of Biblical Chronology & Ancient Near East Vol 1 by D. Gregg.

when was Passover in Egypt

Day 10 of the Month

Exo 12:3

The DAY of the month in which the Passover lamb would be taken to be inspected for sacrifice.

EHSV. Speak unto all the congregation of Yisra’ēl, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month, then they shall take, each man for themselves a lamb, one for the house of each of the fathers, a lamb for the house.


Day 14 of the Month

Exo 12:6

The DAY of the month in which the Passover lamb would be killed.

EHSV. And it will have been for you to watch it until the FOURTEENTH DAY of this month. And they will have killed it.


Day 14 Hour of the day 

Exo 12:6

The exact time, HOUR of the day in which the Passover lamb would be killed.

EHSV. And it will have been for you to watch it until the FOURTEENTH DAY of this month. And they will have killed it, all the assembly of the congregation of Yisra’ēl, BETWEEN THE SETTINGS.


Exo 12:6 (Hebrew)

וְהָיָה לָכֶם לְמִשְׁמֶרֶת, עַד אַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר יוֹם לַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה; וְשָׁחֲטוּ אֹתוֹ, כֹּל קְהַל עֲדַת-יִשְׂרָאֵל–בֵּין הָעַרְבָּיִם.


Gen 1:5 between thew settings


Between the Setting Explained

בֵּין הָעַרְבָּיִם bēi̱n ha‘arbayim = between the settings. Or between noon and sunset, as is proved from the precepts for the daily offering and prayer times, or at about 3 p.m., the 9th hour of the day.


Yeshua died at the 9th hour, the hour of incense (cf. Mat. 27:46; Luke 1:10) and prayer, being also the 9th hour (cf. Acts 3:1). See also Exodus 30:8 where “between the settings” is likewise used to designate the time that the incense is burned. Also, according to Numbers 28:4, the second daily offering was burned “between the settings” on the same day as the first offering at daybreak. History places this at the 9th hour of the day, and explains why worship and prayer was conducted at this hour (cf. Acts 10:3; 30).

Let’s compare the template our Creator laid out for us in this first Appointed Feast date and waypoint and its timing, the initial and its ultimate fulfilment and importance it represented, to the month, the day and the hour, 1,666 years apart.


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