The Sunrise to Sunrise Day

Scripture habitually mentions ‘day’ and then ‘night’, according to the order given in Genesis. Here is a list of usages in that order:

Gen. 8:22, 31:39, 31:40; Ex. 10:13, 13:21, 13:22, 40:38; Lev. 6:20, 8:35; Num. 9:16, 9:21; 11:32. Numbers 11:32 indicates the day is from daybreak to daybreak, And the people rose up all that day, and all the night, and all the day after (וַיָּקָם הָעָם כָּל־הַיּוֹם הַהוּא וְכָל־הַלַּיְלָה וְכֹל יוֹם הַמָּחֳרָת). The words ‘all the day after’ follow immediately the words ‘and all the night.’ The NAS renders הַמָּחֳרָת ‘the next day’ as most other translations. The Scripture continues to put day first: Num. 14:14; Deu. 1;33; 16:4. In Deu. 21:23 the order is changed, but only in the text. The actual day mentioned is before the night. Deu. 28:66; Josh. 1:8; Judges 6:27, 19:9, 11; 1Sam. 14:24, 19:24, 28:20; 2Sam. 21:10; 1Kings 8:59; 1Chron. 9:33; 2Chron. 6:28; Neh. 1:6, 4:9, 9:12, 19. Job 3:3; 5:14; Psa. 1:2, 19:2, 22:2, 32:4. Psalm 42:3 says My tears have been bread to me by day and by night while they are saying to me all the day, ‘Where is your Almighty.’ ‘All the day’ is parallel to ‘by day and by night’ defining the whole day. Also Psa. 55:10, 74:16, 77:2, 78:14, 88:1, 121:6; Eccl. 8:16; Isa. 4:5, 21:8, 28:19, 38:12, 13, 60:11, 62:6; Jer. 9:1, 16:13; 31:35. Jeremiah 33:20 implies the order of day and then night is a covenant to be ‘at their appointed time’; Jer. 33:25, 36:30; Lam. 2:18; Hos. 4:5; Amos 5:8; Zech. 14:7;

John 11:9-10 (King James Version) Understanding The Day
9 The Messiah answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbled not, because he seeth the light of this world. 10 But if a man walk in the night, he stumbled, because there is no light in him.

When words like “tomorrow“, “the next day“, “in that day“, or “the same day“ are used in the Bible, this indicates that the evening is a continuation of the day and not the beginning of a new day. You’ll be able to see this clearly in the following verses.

Judges 19:9 (King James Version)
9 And when the man rose up to depart, he, and his concubine, and his servant, his father in law, the damsel’s father, said unto him, Behold, now the day (light) draweth toward evening (sunset), I pray you tarry all night (night comes after sunset): behold, the day(light) groweth to an end (at sunset), lodge here, that thine heart may be merry; and to morrow (next day of light) get you early on your way, that thou mayest go home.

Mark 4:35 (King James Version)
35 And the same day, when the even was come, he saith unto them, Let us pass over unto the other side. The words “same day and even” cannot be used this way if “even” starts a new day

John 20:19 (King James Version)
19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came The Messiah and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you. The words “same day and evening” cannot be used this way if “evening” starts a new day.

Jonah 4:7 (New King James Version)
7 But as morning dawned the next day The Most High prepared a worm, and it so damaged the plant that it withered. The day starts in the morning at daybreak.

Exodus 18:13 [King James Version]
[13] And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening..

Leviticus 7:15 (King James Version)
15 And the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten the same day that it is offered; he shall not leave any of it until the morning.

Morning begins a new day; otherwise it would have said “none should be left until evening”, if evening begins the new day.

1 Samuel 19:11 (King James Version)
11 Saul also sent messengers unto David’s house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David’s wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life tonight, tomorrow thou shalt be slain. If the evening starts the day, tomorrow would be the following night and not the following morning.

Remember this verse

John 11:9 (King James Version)
9 The Messiah answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.

Matthew 20:1-16 (King James Version) The Master’s Vineyard
1 For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.

2 And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
3 And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,
4 And said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way.
5 Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise.
6 And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
7 They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.
8 So when even was come (the 12th hour), the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first.
9 And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny.
10 But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny.
11 And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house,
12 Saying, These last have wrought but one hour (from the 11th hour until the 12th hour), and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.
13 But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny?
14 Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give unto this last, even as unto thee.
15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?
16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.

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