PASSOVER – Its background, when and it’s significance?


Passover – Background and Context.

Passover or Pesach in one sentence, was the decisive act whereby Yhvh brought all the Tribes of Israel deliverance from slavery and bondage to Pharaoh in Egypt, through the covering of the blood of a Lamb.

From Exodus 7-10, Yhvh brings 9 plagues on Egypt and Pharaoh, through Moses. After enduring much destruction and pain, Pharaoh would still not let “Israel – His people go. Finally, Yhvh tells Moses that He will bring one more Plague on Egypt (Ex 11:1-6).

Exo 11:1.
And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.


Exo 11:5.
And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.


Exo 11:6.
And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. 

In Ex 12:21 through to verse 30, precise details and guidelines are provided that Israel is to kill a lamb, and apply it’s blood as a sign, so that death would not come into their houses.

Yhvh also said that this is His Passover (Ex 12:11), not Israel’s and that it was an ordinance / appointment forever (Ex 12:14).

Exo 12:11. EHSV
And this way, you shall eat it: with your hips ¹girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand, and you will have eaten it in haste. It is the Passover for Yăhwēh.


Exo 12:14. EHSV
And this day will have become a remembrance (or a memorial) for you, and you will have feasted on it a feast to Yăhwēh. For your generations you will feast on it as an everlasting statute.


Passover – So when exactly is it?

These precise and specific details provided the nation of Israel and those grafted in on how they were to determine the following chronologically:

Exo 12:2.

This month of Passover would commence the beginning of the new year.

EHSV. This month for you, is the head of months. It is head-most for you, of the months of the year.


Exo 12:3

The day of the month in which the Passover lamb would be taken to be inspected for sacrifice.


EHSV. Speak unto all the congregation of Yisra’ēl, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month, then they shall take, each man for themselves a lamb, one for the house of each of the fathers, a lamb for the house.


Exo 12:6

The day of the month in which the Passover lamb would be killed.

EHSV. And it will have been for you to watch it until the fourteenth day of this month. And they will have killed it.


Exo 12:6

The exact time/hour of the day in which the Passover lamb would be killed.

EHSV. Between the settings

The Scroll of Biblical Chronology & the Ancient Near East by Daniel Gregg
when was Passover in Egypt

When is the Passover Seder correctly observed based on scriptural Biblical timing? Is the Passover supposed to be eaten in: a) the night before the 14th daylight  (Ex 12:2), or in b) the night after the 14th daylight of Nisan/Aviv?


To answer this question and fully understand the chronology and the exact timing of the Passover and the Exodus from Egypt to the death, burial and resurrection of the Messiah in the first-century and how they all perfectly correlate and synchronise we must first understand the correct, scriptural and biblical definition of “evening/setting and morning/daybreak” phrase outlined in the literal day of creation as first defined in Gen. 1:3-5.

Understanding the calendar day to be from dawn to dawn is essential to understanding nearly everything in biblical chronology having to do with days. Correct observance of the Torah is otherwise bound to go off track, or at the very least to be rendered confusing. Correct understanding of the Levitical services and how days are timed for offerings depends wholly on the dawn to dawn day. Finally, the dawn to dawn day is necessary to properly understand Messiah’s death and resurrection and the prophesies of the ‘third day.’


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